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Engenharia Sanitaria e Ambiental

versão impressa ISSN 1413-4152versão On-line ISSN 1809-4457

Resumo

MATOS, Mateus Pimentel de et al. Clogging and performance of horizontal subsurface flow constructed wetlands over eight years of operation. Eng. Sanit. Ambient. [online]. 2018, vol.23, n.6, pp.1227-1237. ISSN 1413-4152.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s1413-41522018175770.

The objective of this work was to evaluate the conditions of operation of two horizontal subsurface flow constructed wetlands (HSSF-CW), one planted (PCW) with cattail (Typha latifolia), and another, maintained without plants (NPCW), along eight years of operation in sewage treatment. The extent of the overland surface flow was measured as an indicative of the clogging of the pore medium over time, besides several variables that allow to infer possible losses of treatment efficiency in the pollutants removal from wastewater. Evaluations indicated that the porous medium of the two CWs is clogged (more than 80% of the bed with overland surface flow), and that the NPCW is currently in a worse condition, with a reduction of its solids and nitrogen removal potential in relation to the PCW. Despite this, the performance in both systems remains satisfactory, and there is no tendency of decrease in the capacity to remove pollutants, contrary to expectations, and corroborating the results obtained in works that monitored these systems for long periods of time. The load applied and the type of pretreatment to which the influent was submitted seem to have been more decisive in the systems’ efficiency in removing nutrients/pollutants than the operating period of the unit, especially for the PCW.

Palavras-chave : medium bulking; overland surface flow; macrophytes; organic matter and nutrients removal; biological treatment; constructed wetlands.

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