Revista Brasileira de Educação Especial
Print version ISSN 1413-6538
PACANARO, Sílvia Verônica; SANTOS, Acácia Aparecida Angeli dos and SUEHIRO, Adriana Cristina Boulhoça. Assessment of cognitive and visuomotor habilities in people with Down Syndrome. Rev. bras. educ. espec. [online]. 2008, vol.14, n.2, pp. 311-326. ISSN 1413-6538. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-65382008000200011.
The present research aimed to evaluate intellectual and visuomotor abilities in people with Down syndrome, by using the TONI 3-A Form test and the Bender test with gradual point scoring system. These tests have been applied individually to 51 people of both sexes, with age varying between 6 and 24 years old (M=15,3; DP=4,9), carrying the syndrome, and deriving from special education institutions of the interior of São Paulo. The tests were applied individually and the results have indicated evidence of convergent validity between the TONI-3-A Form and the Bender results. Through the test of Pearson, negative and highly significant indices of correlation were obtained, being congruent with the constructs (r=-0,57; p<0,001), demonstrating that the participants, who had a better score in measuring intelligence, had been the ones who had made less mistakes in measuring their visuomotor abilities. Even so, it suggests that other studies should be carried out with larger samples of SD than the ones researched here, aiming at identifying development standards of cognitive and visuomotor abilities in this population, as well as the possibility of elaborating more appropriate intervention programs to develop the cognitive potential presented by people with Down syndrome.
Keywords : psychometrics; psychological evaluation; visuomotor ability; intelligence; special education.