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Revista Brasileira de Educação Especial
Print version ISSN 1413-6538
MORGADO, Fabiane Frota da Rocha and FERREIRA, Maria Elisa Caputo. Adaptation of two and three dimensional silhouette scales for the visually impaired. Rev. bras. educ. espec. [online]. 2011, vol.17, n.1, pp. 21-36. ISSN 1413-6538. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-65382011000100003.
The objective of this study was to describe the process of adaptation of the Two Dimencional Silhouette Scale (2DSS) and the development of a Three Dimensional Silhouette Scale (3DSS). To that end, a qualitative study was conducted in three stages: In the first one, the creator of the tool, Mr. Stunkard was contacted for permission to use his instrument as a parameter for the development of the scales. In the second and third ones, the 2DSS and the 3DSS were developed, respectively. These scales were developed considering the technical criteria of the Benjamin Constant Institute - RJ - of Research and Production of Specialized Materials. The results indicated that the 2DSS was developed in a graphic tactile language in high relief and is composed of nine male and nine female dolls, each with different body shapes, measured 8.5cm in height and texturized with sandpaper and string. The 3DSS was composed of nine male and nine female dolls with different weights and body shapes. The models were handmade and cast in plaster. The male dolls were 15.5 cm in height and the female ones were 23.5 cm in height. We concluded that the information contained in the detailed description of the development processes of the 2DSS and 3DSS may become a reference for future adaptations and improvements of other human figure scales.
Keywords : Special Education; Body Image; Visually Impaired; Written Language.