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Revista Brasileira de Educação Especial
Print version ISSN 1413-6538
ROCHA, Aila Narene Dahwache Criado and DELIBERATO, Débora. Assistive technology for children with cerebral palsy in school: identification of needs. Rev. bras. educ. espec. [online]. 2012, vol.18, n.1, pp.71-92. ISSN 1413-6538. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-65382012000100006.
Studies about Assistive Technology have emphasized the need to integrate resources, services and strategies for inclusion and special education to foster the learning process and skill development of students with disabilities. The literature describes that the first step towards implementing assistive technology in schools should enable professionals to understand the situation involving the student in order to expand his or her participation in the teaching and learning process. This study aimed to identify the need for assistive technology services, resources and strategies for students with cerebral palsy in school. Two children with cerebral palsy and their teachers were selected. The data collection phase included three successive procedures: interviews with teachers, completing the identification protocol of the school routine and participant observation conducted in the classroom using filming and field diary. Based on the material gained from these three procedures, data triangulation was proposed, i.e., grouping information in a single document in order to establish categories of analysis. After preparing the material, the categories were assessed by judges from the field of knowledge. The results showed that after understanding the situation of the disabled student within the school context, it was possible to establish his or her skills and needs to indicate the appropriate assistive technology resources for the teacher's planning and thus provide proper teaching and learning for the children with disabilities. The study identified the need to establish specific procedures, an organized pedagogical plan and participation of health professionals as consultants on using assistive technology in school.
Keywords : Special Education; Cerebral Palsy; Assistive Technology; Resources; Pre-school Education.