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Ciência e Agrotecnologia

versão impressa ISSN 1413-7054

Resumo

TALAMINI, Viviane et al. Ten years of plant disease clinic at UFLA - frequency of the pathogens, symptoms and main analyzed cultures. Ciênc. agrotec. [online]. 2003, vol.27, n.1, pp.70-75. ISSN 1413-7054.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1413-70542003000100008.

This work had as objective analyzes the diagnoses accomplished at the Plant Disease Clinic of the Plant Pathology Department at the Federal University of Lavras, between 1990 to 1999. Eighty five hosts were analyzed, in 1429 samples. The fungus with 70.5%, the bacteria with 12.9% and the viroses with 1.2% were the etiologic agents found more frequently. The fungi etiologic agent of larger occurrence was the genera Fusarium associated to 25.5% of the diseases, followed by Colletotrichum (16%), Rhizoctonia (11%), Alternaria (5%), Cercospora (4%), Helminthosporium (3.5%) and Phoma (3%), the other fungi agents represented 31% of the samples. The bacterial etiologic agent of larger occurrence was the Erwinia genera with 35% of samples, followed to genera Streptomyces (30%), Ralstonia (13,5%), Pseudomonas (11.5%), Xanthomonas (9.5%) and Agrobacterium (0.5%). The leaves spots were the symptoms of larger occurrence, with 40% of the samples, followed by wilts (22%), cankers and scab (17%), rots (14%) and damping-of (3%). Concernings the hosts, the vegetables stood out with 27% of the occurrences, the grains with 24%, the tropical fruits with 17%, the ornamental ones with 15%, the temperate fruits with 3%, forage with 2%, oleaginous with 2% and other with 10%.

Palavras-chave : Plant disease; plant pathology clinic and epidemiology.

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