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Ciência e Agrotecnologia

versão impressa ISSN 1413-7054versão On-line ISSN 1981-1829

Resumo

SOARES, Fernanda Pereira et al. Direct organogenesis in nodal explants of mangabeira (Hancornia speciosa Gomes). Ciênc. agrotec. [online]. 2007, vol.31, n.4, pp.1048-1053. ISSN 1413-7054.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1413-70542007000400016.

The mangabeira presents potential for fruit and rubber production. Since the seeds are recalcitrant which makes difficult its propagation, new approaches are needed in order to obtain plants through asexual methods. In this context, the process of in vitro culture presents as an alternative for the mangabeira propagation. The objective of the present work was to establish a micropropagation methodology of mangabeira through direct organogenesis. To obtain shoots, nodal segments collected from in vitro germinated seedlings were inoculated in WPM medium supplemented with different concentrations of BAP (0.0; 1.0; 2.0; 3.0; 4.0 e 5.0 mg L-1). For root induction, shoots were inoculated in WPM medium supplemented with 0.1% activated charcoal and different concentrations of NAA (0.0; 1.0; 2.0 e 3.0 mg L-1) or IBA (0.0; 1.0; 2.0; 3.0 e 4.0 mg L-1). The inoculated shoots were maintained in for 15 days a growth room after which were transferred to a free grow regulator WPM medium. The concentrations of 5.0 mg L-1 and 3.0 mg L-1 BAP were the most eficient for shoots and buds induction, respectively. Higher shoot length was observed in medium suplemented with 1.0 mg L-1 or 2,0 mg L-1 BAP. The higher callus formation occurred in medium suplemented with 4.0 mg L-1 BAP. The use of NAA was not efficient, in all tested concentrations, to induce in vitro root formation in shoots. In presence of 3.0 mg L-1 IBA, 20% of the shoots developed roots.

Palavras-chave : Micropropagation; shooting; rooting.

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