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Ciência e Agrotecnologia
Print version ISSN 1413-7054
LIMA, Fernanda Pinheiro et al. Effect of adding calcium chloride on the spermatic quality and aminotransferase aspartate in cool swine semen. Ciênc. agrotec. [online]. 2007, vol.31, n.5, pp. 1506-1511. ISSN 1413-7054. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-70542007000500035.
The study was carried out with objective to test two swine semen cooling processes and verify the effects of adding chloride of calcium (CaCl2) on semen dilutor BTS and also to test the evaluation method of Aspartate Aminotransferase (AAT) enzymatic profile on the cooled swine semen spermatic quality. Were used twelve samples of ejaculation of breeders supplied by the Swine Breeding section at the DZO/UFLA. The samples were diluted and received different concentrations of CaCl2 (A: 0.0; B: 2.5; C 5.0; D 7.5mM). The samples of ejaculation were submitted to three processes of cooling: 1 - standard cooling (15º C); 2 - slow cooling (15º C/ 5º C); 3 - fast cooling (5º C), and each sample of ejaculation was stored for a period of 72 hours to evaluation of spermatic quality, over all experimental treatments. The seminal parameters evaluated were the spermatic motility and strength and enzymatic profile of the AAT. A meaningful difference was verified (P< 0.05) in the levels of CaCl2 for the parameters of spermatic motility, high levels of this salt showed better results in this parameter . The variables spermatic strength and AAT profile, shown no effects for any addition of CaCl2 . For the cooling process, a meaningful difference was verified (P<0.05) in the parameters of spermatic motility and strength. No effects were observed concerning the enzymatic profile of the AAT (P>0.05). It was concluded that the adding of CaCl2 did improve the spermatic motility of the samples of swine ejaculations and that the process of slow cooling is able to replace the standard process without affecting the spermatic quality of semen submitted to cooling. The assessment of AAT is not valid to cooled semen.
Keywords : Cooled semen; swine; seminal parameters.