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SANTANA, Merce Teodora Aguil; SIQUEIRA, Heloísa Helena de; LACERDA, Richardson Júnior and LIMA, Luiz Carlos de Oliveira. Physical chemistry and enzymatic characterization of grape 'Patricia' cultivated in Primavera do Leste - MT. Ciênc. agrotec. [online]. 2008, vol.32, n.1, pp. 186-190. ISSN 1413-7054. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-70542008000100027.
Grape samples (Vitis labrusca L.) 'Patrícia', produced in the area of Primavera do Leste in the State of Mato Grosso, were analyzed by the chemical parameters according to the legislation: pH, soluble solids (ºBrix), titrable acidity, vitamin C and enzymatic activity of the polyfenoloxidase (PPO); peroxydase (POD); pectinmetylesterase (PME); and polygalacturonase (PG). The value of soluble solids (SS) of the analyzed samples it was of 17.69 ºBrix. The value of found pH was of 3.69. The titrable acidity (AT) showed value of 0.8 g of acid tartaric/100 mL juice. The vitamin C value was 17.54 mg/mL. The enzymatic activity of the polyfenoloxidase (PPO) was 22.15 U/g/min. The enzymatic activities for the enzymes peroxidase (POD) and polygalacturonase presented values of: 11.59 U/g/min and 3778.61 U/g/min, respectively. Values were not detected for the enzymatic activity of the pectinmetylesterase (PME) in the analyzed samples. The values of chemical analysis found in this research were in agreement with legislation. For the results presented to 'Patrícia' cultivar a high value of vitamin C was found and when in maturation stage it presents elevated values of the enzymatic activity of the polygalacturonase (PG).
Keywords : Vitis labrusca; tartaric acid; enzyme.