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Ciência e Agrotecnologia

versão impressa ISSN 1413-7054versão On-line ISSN 1981-1829

Resumo

SANTIAGO, Gilberto Pedreira et al. Effects of plant extracts on the biology of Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith, 1797) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) maintained under artificial diet. Ciênc. agrotec. [online]. 2008, vol.32, n.3, pp.792-796. ISSN 1413-7054.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1413-70542008000300013.

The effects of aqueous extracts, at 10% concentration of leaves and branches of Ruta graveolens L., leaves and branches of Momordica charantia L., leaves of Lippia sidoides Cham. and green fruits of Ricinus communis L. were evaluated on the biology of fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda) maintained under artificial diet. The evaluated parameters were: duration and viability of the larval and pupal phases, pupa weight, fecundity, fertility and longevity of adults. Just-hatched larvae of S. frugiperda was placed in test tube with artificial diet containing extracts of each tested material. The aqueous extract of the green fruits of R. communis presented bioactivity upon duration and weight of larval and pupal phases. The aqueous extract of R. graveolens reduced weight of pupa. The diet containing extract of M. charantia reduced larval viability and weight of pupa. The aqueous extract of L. sidoides did not affect larval and pupal phases, but reduced the posture and the viability of eggs and increased longevity of adults of S. frugiperda. The viability of pupa was not affected by the extracts.

Palavras-chave : Insecticide plants; fall armyworm; plants extracts; insect control.

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