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Ciência e Agrotecnologia

versão impressa ISSN 1413-7054versão On-line ISSN 1981-1829

Resumo

PERET-ALMEIDA, Lúcia et al. In vitro antimicrobial activity of the ground rhizome, curcuminoid pigments and essential oil of Curcuma longa L.. Ciênc. agrotec. [online]. 2008, vol.32, n.3, pp.875-881. ISSN 1413-7054.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1413-70542008000300026.

The objective of this work was to investigate the antimicrobial activity of ground turmeric, commercially available curcumin, purified curcuminoid pigments and turmeric essential oils. The samples were analyzed for the levels of curcuminoid pigments by high performance liquid chromatography. The essential oil was also analyzed for density, refractive index and profile of volatile compounds by gas chromatography-flame ionization detection. The in vitro antimicrobial activity was determined by the agar diffusion method using sterile disks impregnated with the extracts and the diameters of the inhibition zones were measured using a caliper. The ethanolic extracts of turmeric, commercial curcumin, and the purified pigments curcumin and demethoxycurcumin did not inhibit the growth of Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Salmonella choleraesuis, Escherichia coli, Aspergillus niger, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and Candida albicans. Only the ethanolic extract of bisdemethoxycurcumin showed in vitro antimicrobial activity on B. subtilis. The essential oil of turmeric inhibited the growth of B. subtilis, S. choleraesuis, E. coli, A. niger and S. cerevisiae. The antimicrobial activity increased with an increase in the concentration of the essential oil. The inhibitory effects on the microorganisms were significant when compared to the respective traditional antibiotics chloranphenicol and anphotericin. This result indicates that the essential oil from turmeric is a potential antimicrobial agent.

Palavras-chave : Antimicrobial activity; turmeric; curcuminoid pigments; essential oil; Curcuma longa.

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