Ciência e Agrotecnologia
versão impressa ISSN 1413-7054
THULER, Robson Thomaz et al. Tritrofic interaction and influence of insecticides and plant products on the complex: brassica diamondback moth egg parasitoids. Ciênc. agrotec. [online]. 2008, vol.32, n.4, pp. 1154-1160. ISSN 1413-7054. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-70542008000400018.
The aim of this work was to evaluate the tritrofic interaction in brassica complex: host-vegetable (brassica) vs. pest/natural-host (Plutella xylostella) vs. entomophagous-insect (parasitoid - Trichogramma pretiosum and Trichogramma exiguum), combined with chemical and vegetable products with insecticide action. The cultivar used were: green cabbage - Chato de quintal and Midori hybrid; purple cabbage - Roxo Precoce and purple hybrid - TPC00682; kale - Georgia and Georgia hybrid HS20. They were sprayed using the insecticides - lufenuron (2,52 ml/100L) and deltamethrin (32 ml/100L); the vegetal products - neen oil (0,16%) and pyroligneous extract (3,0%); and water (check). The cultivars interaction was evaluated with the products, by larvae exposition to the treatments, being analyzed the different phases of development through adults emergence. To evaluate the effect of these products on the parasitoids, P. xylostella, eggs from F2 generation were used. Eggs of this pest were collected from adults fed with brassica leaves that were sprayed with the mentioned products. The insecticides association and vegetable products combined with brassica cultivars became more effective to manage the pest control, especially in the pyroligneous extract x Chato de Quintal interaction. The interaction between the cultivars and products may be harmful to Trichogramma performance being necessary a discerning evaluation to minimize the effect on natural enemies.
Palavras-chave : Plutella xylostella; Trichogramma; cruciferous; biological control.