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Ciência e Agrotecnologia

versão impressa ISSN 1413-7054versão On-line ISSN 1981-1829

Resumo

MELO, Anderson Adriano Martins  e  ALVARENGA, Amauri Alves de. Shading of 'Pacifica White' Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don plants with colored nets: vegetative development. Ciênc. agrotec. [online]. 2009, vol.33, n.2, pp.514-520. ISSN 1413-7054.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-70542009000200024.

Colored shade nets have been used to manipulate the vegetative development, improving the utilization of solar radiation by ornamental plants. This work aimed to study the effect of 50% reduction of PAR on vegetative growth of plants of Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don, using blue and red nets, and black net, in comparison to plants growing under full sunlight (lack of shading). The plants were obtained from seeds and treated for 180 days. Biomass increment and distribution, pigment content (chlorophylls and carotenoids) and foliar nitrogen were evaluated. The red net caused an increase of total dry mass and total leaf area of plants when compared to the blue net, black net and the full sunlight treatment, however, except in relation to the last treatment, the red net caused lower contents of foliar nitrogen and pigments. The higher root/stem and chlorophyll a/b ratios and the lower leaf area and leaf dry mass of plants growing under full sunlight in relation to shaded plants indicate a more prominent effect of the higher irradiance than the spectral alteration. Shading alters significantly the dry matter distribution and the use of shade nets of different colors affects the content of photosynthetic pigments of this species.

Palavras-chave : Vinca; leaf area; spectral distribution; dry matter; carotenoids; chlorophylls; Catharanthus roseus.

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