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Ciência e Agrotecnologia

versão impressa ISSN 1413-7054versão On-line ISSN 1981-1829

Resumo

OLIVEIRA, Ademar Pereira de et al. Productive and economic yield of cowpea bean as a function of levels of potassium. Ciênc. agrotec. [online]. 2009, vol.33, n.2, pp.629-634. ISSN 1413-7054.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-70542009000200042.

Cowpea bean [Vigna unguiculata (L) Walp] is one the main crops in the Northeast region of Brazil. With the objective of evaluating the effect of potassium fertilization on cowpea bean cv. Pitiúba, an experiment was carried out at Federal University of Paraíba, in Areia (PB), Brazil, on a Quartz Psamment soil, from July to September 2005. The experimental design was the randomized blocks, with six treatments (0, 50, 100, 150, 200, and 250 kg ha-1 K2O), and four replications. Each plot contained 40 plants spaced 0.80 m x 0.40 m. The maximum yield of pods per plant (285 g), green grains (143 g) and dry grains (120 g) were obtained with 160, 153 and 200 kg ha-1 K2O, respectively. The levels of 210, 151, and 170 kg ha-1 K2O were responsible for the maximum yields of 4.18 t ha-1 of pods, 3.48 t ha-1 of green grains, and 1.89 t ha-1 of dry grains, respectively. The maximum level of economical efficiency for the yield of dry grains was 141 kg ha-1 K2O, with a yield of 1.87 t ha-1.

Palavras-chave : Vigna unguiculata; potassium fertilization; production of green and dry grains.

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