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Ciência e Agrotecnologia

versão impressa ISSN 1413-7054versão On-line ISSN 1981-1829

Resumo

MARTINEZ, Roberto Antonio Savelli et al. Doses and forms of selenium application on the culture of soybean. Ciênc. agrotec. [online]. 2009, vol.33, n.3, pp.698-704. ISSN 1413-7054.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1413-70542009000300006.

The aim of this work was to determine the effects of doses and forms of selenium applications in the form of sodium selenide on the productivity and agronomic characteristics of the soybean [Glycine max (L) Merrill]. An experimental design in randomized blocks was used with a factorial outline of 4x3 (+1), four selenium doses (0.5, 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0 kg.ha-1), three application forms (soil, foliar and soil + foliar), and a control, with three replications. In the treatment soil + foliar, half of each dose isolated was applied. The application of selenium to the soil was made in the planting process and the application to the leaves was accomplished in the V8 stage of the culture. The parcels were composed of four lines with five meters in length, spaced 50 centimeters from each other, with a density of 12 plants for each linear meter. The fertilization, with sodium selenide via leaves, independently of the doses, affected the characteristics height of the first pod insertion, height of the plant, and number of seeds in the pods, due to a phytotoxic effect, decreasing the productivity in 21%. The average number of pods per plant and the average weight of 100 seeds were not affected by the fertilization with selenium.

Palavras-chave : Glycine max; sodium selenide; phytotoxicity; yield.

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