Ciência e Agrotecnologia
versão impressa ISSN 1413-7054
NUNES, Anísio da Silva et al. Sources and levels of salinity on germination of Crotalaria juncea L. seeds . Ciênc. agrotec. [online]. 2009, vol.33, n.3, pp. 753-757. ISSN 1413-7054. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-70542009000300013.
This study was carried out in order to evaluate the effect of calcium chloride (CaCl2), sodium chloride (NaCl), and potassium chloride (KCl) salts on germination of Crotalaria juncea L. seeds. The seeds were placed in gerbox boxes lined with two filter paper sheets and wet with test-solution. In each treatment, 200 seeds were used, distributed in four replicates of 50 seeds. The induction of the salt stress was done with solutions of NaCl, CaCl2 and KCl with osmotic potential of 0, -0.4, -0.8, -1.2, -1.6, and -2.0 MPa. Germination percentage, phytotoxicity, seedling size, mass of dry matter, and IVG were assessed. The experimental design was completely randomized, in a (3x5)+1 factorial structure, composed of three salt sources in five levels and a test-solution. The increasing concentration of KCl caused toxicity, hindering the IVG, the germination percentage. and the seedling growth of C. juncea, while the concentrations of NaCl and CaCl2 did not cause significant difference in seed germination and seedling vigor.
Palavras-chave : Green manure; Crotalaria juncea; stress; salt; vigor.