Ciência e Agrotecnologia
Print version ISSN 1413-7054
ANTONIOLLI, Zaida Inês; STEFFEN, Gerusa Pauli Kist and STEFFEN, Ricardo Bemfica. Rice husk and cattle manure used as substrate for the Eisenia fetida Savigny (1826) multiplication. Ciênc. agrotec. [online]. 2009, vol.33, n.3, pp. 824-830. ISSN 1413-7054. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-70542009000300022.
The use of earthworms for animal feeding has been adopted and studied, because these organisms are rich in vitamins and essential amino acids. Among the organic materials that could be used in the earthworm breeding, highly available agroindustrial residues such as rice husk are being currently used in Rio Grande do Sul. The aim of this work was to evaluate substrate based on rice husk and cattle manure on the multiplication and biomass of earthworms (Eisenia fetida). In this work, the population of earthworms, the cocoon numbers, the multiplication index, as well as fresh and dry biomass of earthworms were evaluated. The evaluation was performed 60 days after the installation of the experiment and each treatment had four replications. The statistical analysis of the results showed that the inclusion of rice husk favored the development and rate of earthworm reproduction. The highest earthworm biomass was obtained in the treatments 50% rice husk and 50% cattle manure, cattle manure plus rice husk with ammonium hydroxide at 20 and 40%, and cattle bovine plus ground rice husk with sodium hydroxide at 10 and 40%. It was concluded that the addition of rice husk to the cattle manure was efficient in the multiplication and development of E. fetida.
Keywords : Earthworms; multiplication; substrate; Eisenia fetida.