Ciência e Agrotecnologia
versão impressa ISSN 1413-7054
RODARTE, Mirian Pereira; ABRAHAO, Sheila Andrade; PEREIRA, Rosemary Gualberto Fonseca Alvarenga e MALTA, Marcelo Ribeiro. Non-volatile compounds in coffee from the south of Minas Gerais state region submitted to different roasting degrees. Ciênc. agrotec. [online]. 2009, vol.33, n.5, pp. 1366-1371. ISSN 1413-7054. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-70542009000500024.
The roasting process of coffee induces sensorial, chemical and physical alterations in the raw material. The type and intensity of the process depend mainly on the chemical composition of the grains and on the time and temperature used. This process promotes the degradation, formation and volatilisation of several compounds. There are roast and ground coffees submitted to different roasting conditions available in the market, which give origin to beverages with different sensorial and nutritional properties. The compounds trigonelline, chlorogenic acids and caffeine interfere with the flavor of the coffee. The trigonelline and the chlorogenic acids were studied considering their nutritional aspect as well, since these compounds and"or their degradation products have a beneficial action to our health. These compounds are soluble in hot water therefore they will be present in the beverage depending on their stability through the roasting process. The aim of this work was to asses the concentrations of trigonelline, chlorogenic acids and caffeine in coffees of the species Coffea arabica, classified as soft, hard, and rio which were submitted to three roasting degrees: light, medium, and dark. The most intense roasting process generated a greater degradation of trigonelline and 5-caffeoilquinic (5-CQA) while the light roasting caused degradation just of the chlorogenic acid, not interfering with the trigonelline concentrations. Caffeine was not degraded at any roasting degree.
Palavras-chave : HPLC; roasting; trigonelline; chlorogenic acids; caffeine.