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Ciência e Agrotecnologia

versão impressa ISSN 1413-7054

Resumo

MENEZES, Michele Duarte de et al. Pedologic survey and geographic information system for evaluation of land use within a small watershed, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Ciênc. agrotec. [online]. 2009, vol.33, n.6, pp.1544-1553. ISSN 1413-7054.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1413-70542009000600013.

The land agricultural suitability is a technical classification that identifies the agricultural potential of land use, considering the soil limitations at differential management levels from the information generated in a pedologic survey. The cross reference of data involving land agricultural suitability and land use in Geographical Information System (GIS) is an adequate tool for planning, because it allows to determine the inadequacy between land use and land agricultural suitability, giving bases to sustainable exploration. Therefore, we evaluated in this work the land agricultural suitability and the current use of the land mediated by satellite images and field observations, for the identification of permanent preservation areas (PPAs) in a small watershed from Alto Rio Grande basin - MG. Based on soil survey, the utilization of remote sensing, by means of satellite images, in association with GIS, constitutes adequate tools to evaluate the land suitability and current use, and allows monitoring areas of the small watershed. The pedologic survey supplied a secure and real basis for this purpose and with the help of geoprocessing tools, the resulting maps had better quality and represented with accuracy the different natural environments in the landscape of the hydrographic small watershed. We observed a dominance of less intensive land use in relation to the agricultural suitability classes found here. The permanent preservation areas (PPAs) are receiving a variety of agricultural uses, which characterizes an inadequacy between the environmental legislation and the current land use.

Palavras-chave : Land agricultural suitability; Permanent Preservation Areas; Ratio of Adequate Use.

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