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Ciência e Agrotecnologia
Print version ISSN 1413-7054
CRUZ, Joedna Silva et al. Spatial analysis of physical attributes and organic carbon from yellow-red alfissol with sugarcane crop. Ciênc. agrotec. [online]. 2010, vol.34, n.2, pp. 271-278. ISSN 1413-7054. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-70542010000200001.
Conventional farming uses the soil intensively, modifying its attributes. The goal of this study is to evaluate the spatial variability of some physical attributes and soil organic carbon in red-yellow Anfissol cultivated with sugar cane, using geostatistics. The work was carried out at Maracanaú - CE, in area with sugar cane production, managed by conservation tillage practices five years ago, which remained covered with sugarcane straw mulch. Soil samples were taken from 0.00 to 0.20 m de pth, in a mesh, with a regular interval of 10 m, totaling 100 points. For each sample, soil particle density, bulk density, organic carbon, porosity, macro pores, and micro pores were analyzed. The coefficient of variation indicated low variability for soil particles density, bulk density, total and average porosity for the variables of macro- and microporosiy, and organic carbon. The variables analyzed showed spatial dependence, which was observed in kriging maps. The pores distribution by size and total porosity indicate adequate physical conditions, with bulk density values slightly above the level considered suitable for this textural class of soil.
Keywords : Precision agriculture; geostatistics; bulk density; porosity.