Ciência e Agrotecnologia
Print version ISSN 1413-7054
ABRAHAO, Sheila Andrade et al. Coffee (Coffea arabica L.) bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity. Ciênc. agrotec. [online]. 2010, vol.34, n.2, pp. 414-420. ISSN 1413-7054. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-70542010000200020.
The present work intended to evaluate the antioxidant potential of two coffee sorts (soft and river), green and roasted, in vitro. Phenolic compounds content, chlorogenic acid (5-cafeoyolquinic) and caffeine of the beverages were evaluated. In vitro evaluation of the antioxidant potential was investigated by DPPH radical scavenging assay and by reducing the power of metals. Both sorts of coffee did not present statistical differences for color, chlorogenic acid and caffeine. After roasting, 5-cafeoyolquinic acid levels decreased. River coffee beverage presented greater content of phenolics than the soft coffee beverage. In the roasted coffees no significant difference was observed. All sorts of coffee beverages presented high reducing ability and important scavenging activity of free radicals. The scavenging activity was higher in the roasted samples. The roast process decreased the reducing ability of the coffee beverage. Results allow suggesting that independent of the sort, coffee presents expressive antioxidant activity and reducing ability.
Keywords : Beverage quality; phenolic compounds; chlorogenic acid; caffeine; antioxidant capacity; reducing power.