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Ciência e Agrotecnologia

versão impressa ISSN 1413-7054


BOTELHO, Frederico José Evangelista et al. Physiological performance of bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) seeds harvested in different developmental periods. Ciênc. agrotec. [online]. 2010, vol.34, n.4, pp.900-907. ISSN 1413-7054.

In beans crop (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), the ideal time of harvest for high quality seeds yield is very important. The objective of the present work was to determine the ideal time of harvest to abtain seeds with higher quality and productivity. For field experiment, seeds of two cultivars of the Carioca group (BRS Majestoso and BRS Horizonte) were used. The sowing was done manually and each parcel had four 12-meter-long lines, with a space of 0.40 m between them. The harvest was done manually, at 70, 80, 90 and 100 days after the emergency (DAE). After the harvest, seed water content was determined and then, the plants were drought in the sun, threshed and weighed for productivity verification. After that, seeds were separated in 4 classes according to size, 3 in bolters (14/64, 17/64 and 18/64). The experimental design used was randomized blocks, in factorial scheme, in lays, with four replicates. The evaluation of the quality of the seeds was carried out through germination tests, emergency speed index (IVE) and electrical condutivity. As a conclusion, the 90 DAE harvest enables greater productivity and quality of the evaluated cultivar of bean seeds.

Palavras-chave : Harvest time; size; quality.

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