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Ciência e Agrotecnologia

versão impressa ISSN 1413-7054

Resumo

MORAES, Mário Ferreira de et al. Agroindustrial evaluation and genetic parameters of sugarcane progenies at the initial phase in a sugarcane plantation zone of north coast of Pernambuco. Ciênc. agrotec. [online]. 2010, vol.34, n.5, pp.1086-1092. ISSN 1413-7054.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1413-70542010000500002.

The objective of our research was to evaluate the agronomical, industrial performance and the magnitude of the genetic parameters of initial phase sugarcane progenies in the north coast of Pernambuco. Experimental works were developed during the agricultural year of 2006/2007 in the sugarcane plantation zone in the north coast of Pernambuco, in the district of Igarassu, in the area of the São José industrial plant. The experimental delineation was randomized blocks with five repetitions, using 24 genotypes as treatment (20 from the crossings and 4 standard varieties). The parcel was planted in three furrows of 6 m, spaced by 1.30 m with 10 seedlings per furrow (spaced by 0.6 m within the furrow), totalizing a total area of 23.4 m2. Harvest was done in the 10th month after the transplantation, where were evaluated the following variables: pol tons per hectare (PTH), sugarcane tons per hectare (STH), fiber (FB), corrected pol % (CPP), purity (PTY), brix (BX) and total retrievable sugar (TRS). The progenies of the crossings: RB855035 X RB72454; RB865230 X RB855035; Tuc71-7 X RB 72454 and RB 72454X Tuc71-7, overtopped for most of the studied variables. There is genetical variability among the progenies of the crossings for all the evaluated variables. The h2m estimations were expressive for the variables STH, PTH, CPP, FB, BX and TRS, indicating the possibility of success in the selection of these variables within the sugarcane plantation region of North Coast of Pernambuco.

Palavras-chave : Saccharum spp; selection; genetical variability; herdability.

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