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Ciência e Agrotecnologia

versão impressa ISSN 1413-7054

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SOUZA, Ana Valéria de; BERTONI, Bianca Waléria; FRANCA, Suzelei de Castro  e  PEREIRA, Ana Maria Soares. Micropropagation of Dioscorea multiflora Grised. Ciênc. agrotec. [online]. 2011, vol.35, n.1, pp.92-98. ISSN 1413-7054.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1413-70542011000100011.

Dioscorea multiflora is a plant native to southern Brazil that produces diosgenin as a major secondary metabolite, a substance which is used by the pharmaceutical industry for the production of cortisone and substances with contraceptive action. The objective of this work was to optimize the micropropagation protocol of D. multiflora, for the production of seedlings on a commercial scale. Nodal segments subcultured in solid MS medium were transferred for multiplication to MS medium supplemented with BAP (0.01, 0.1, 0.5, 1.0 and 3.0 mg L-1) and MS medium supplemented with 0.1 mg L-1 or 0.5 mg L-1 BAP plus different concentrations of sucrose (2, 4, 6, 8 and 10%). For rooting, the shoots were cultured on MS medium supplemented with IBA (0.1, 0.5, 1.0 and 3.0 mg L-1) and MS medium supplemented with NAA (0.1, 0.5, 1.0 and 3.0 mg L-1). A completely randomized design was used with treatment consisting of 3 replicates with 10 buckets per plot. Seedlings with and without roots were acclimatized in a greenhouse. The best results of multiplication and rooting were obtained in MS medium + 0.1 mg L-1 BAP (80%) and in MS medium + 1.0 mg L-1 IBA (42.6%), respectively. There was no difference in the survival percentage of seedlings in vitro and during ex vitro acclimatization (75%). The micropropagation protocol for production of D. multiflora is effective and can be used for commercial production.

Palavras-chave : Diosgenin; in vitro cultivation; acclimatization.

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