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Ciência e Agrotecnologia

versão impressa ISSN 1413-7054

Resumo

FURTADO, Roselayne Ferro et al. Production of polyclonal anti-ricin antibodies. Ciênc. agrotec. [online]. 2011, vol.35, n.1, pp.124-130. ISSN 1413-7054.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-70542011000100015.

Ricin is a very toxic protein found in castor bean plants, making it impossible to use natural castor cake as animal food. The detoxificated castor cake needs to be analyzed by methods that ensure the absence of traces of this protein. This work had the objective to produce and to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of anti-ricin polyclonal antibodies, to be employed as component of sorologic methods as the ELISA in the detection of ricin in detoxificated castor cake. Three doses of protein, 400, 180 and 100 µg were evaluated each one injected twice into rabbit, with one half in the begin of the experiment and the other half after 21 days of immunization. The ELISA method indicated that the lower doses (100 e 180 µg) induced primary and secondary immunological response with production of specific antibodies, while the higher dose of ricin (400 µg) showed a primary response with increase of the antibody titre, followed of immunological suppression. This profile suggests immunological tolerance. By Western blotting technique it was verified that polyclonal antibodies are too specific to ricin, however, they detected ricin in native and denaturated form and are not recommended for the monitoring of ricin in detoxificated castor bean cake by heat treatment.

Palavras-chave : Ricinus communis; toxicity; detection.

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