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Ciência e Agrotecnologia

versão impressa ISSN 1413-7054

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PAIVA, Bernardo Reis Teixeira Lacerda; SOUZA, Paulo Estevão de; SCALCO, Myriane Stella  e  SANTOS, Leandro Alvarenga. Progress of rust in coffee plants in various densities of cultivation in irrigated planting after pruning. Ciênc. agrotec. [online]. 2011, vol.35, n.1, pp.137-143. ISSN 1413-7054.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1413-70542011000100017.

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of different irrigation controls implemented in four planting densities on a system of drip on the incidence and severity of rust and to assess the influence of leaf growth on the progress curve of this disease. The experiment was conducted in the experimental area of the Federal University of Lavras - MG, using the cultivar Rubi MG-1192 with 6 years. The experimental design was randomized blocks with four replicates. The treatments consisted of four tranches represented by planting densities (conventional and non-conventional): 2500 (4.0 x1.0 m), 3333 (3.0 x 1.0 m), 5000 (2.0 x 1.0 m), 10,000 (2.0 x 0.5 m) plants / ha, with four subplots: the tension when irrigation water in the soil reaches values of 20 and 60kPa; using water balance management of irrigation (calculated by the software IRRIPLUS) with rounds of irrigation fixed three days per week and a control without irrigation, making a total of 16 treatments. Each subplot line consisted of 10 plants with the six central plants considered as useful. The incidence and severity of rust and the percentage of grown of coffee plants were evaluated. After statistical analyses the data were converted to area under the curve of disease and growth progress. It was verified that the management of irrigation influenced the progress curve of growth, but it did not interfere in the progress curve of the incidence and severity of coffee rust. The dense system of plantation favored the incidence of rust. However, the planting densities did not affect growth.

Palavras-chave : Hemileia vastatrix; irrigation; planting system; Coffea arabica.

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