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Ciência e Agrotecnologia

Print version ISSN 1413-7054

Abstract

DALLEMOLE-GIARETTA, Rosangela et al. Production of chlamydospores of Pochonia chlamydosporia in different substrates. Ciênc. agrotec. [online]. 2011, vol.35, n.2, pp.314-321. ISSN 1413-7054.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1413-70542011000200012.

Chlamydospores are survival structures of the nematophagous fungus Pochonia chlamydosporia. The objective of this study was to evaluate different substrates, different contents of water and kinds of inoculum for the production of Pochonia chlamydosporia chlamydospores. The substrates evaluated were: milled maize, rice grains and coffee husk; all of them were inoculated with disks of culture, concentrated liquid media or diluted liquid media (1:40) colonized by P. chlamydosporia. Besides, the substrates milled maize, supplemented or not with potato broth, and inoculated with fungus disks or aqueous suspension were evaluated. Milled maize and coffee husk were the best substrates for chlamydospores production. The best inoculum kinds were disks of culture and diluted liquid media (1:40) colonized by P. chlamydosporia. The supplementation of milled maize with potato broth did not improve the production of chlamydospores, and the best inoculum form was disks of fungus. Moreover, it was also studied the substrates rice grains, coffee husk and coconut fibers with different rates of water; the substrate coffee husk moistened by different periods; the supplementation of coffee husk with rice flour or dextrose; and the substrate grains of rice sterilized in microwave oven with different rates of water. The substrate grains of rice, in all of the amounts of water tested showed increase in production of chlamydospores. There was no difference in the chlamydospores production of the coffee husk substrate, when moistened by different periods of time and only when it was supplemented with rice flour it showed higher mean of clamydospores per gram of substrate. All treatments evaluated showed higher production of chlamydospores in the substrate grains of rice treated in the microwave oven. The best substrate for the production of chlamydospores of P. chlamydosporia was the rice grains.

Keywords : Biological control; nematophagous fungi; mass production.

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