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Ciência e Agrotecnologia
versión impresa ISSN 1413-7054
NUNES, Renata de Castro; BUSTAMANTE, Fernanda de Oliveira; TECHIO, Vânia Helena y MITTELMANN, Andréa. Morphology and pollen viability of Lolium multiflorum Lam.. Ciênc. agrotec. [online]. 2012, vol.36, n.2, pp. 180-188. ISSN 1413-7054. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-70542012000200006.
Study and characterization of pollen grains are essential for different areas, especially taxonomy, genetic improvement, phylogeny, and paleobotany. As yet, there are no reports on pollen morphology of genotypes of naturalized Lolium multiflorum Lam., introduced cultivars or breeding populations, diploid or polyploid. Ten genotypes of annual ryegrass (L. multiflorum) were evaluated for the viability of pollen grains using propionic carmine and Alexander's stains, while morphology was assessed by the acetolysis technique. Measures of polar axis (P), equatorial diameter (E), exine thickness, and analysis of pollen grains were obtained by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). All genotypes showed high rate of pollen viability (> 89%) for both stains. There were differences between genotypes in the following quantitative traits: polar axis, equatorial diameter, exine, endexine, ektexine, and P/E ratio. Pollen grains were characterized as small, monoporates, with circular and non-prominent apertures. In addition to helping distinction of pollen grains, morphometric differences can be used later to compare ploidy levels, thus assisting in breeding programs of the species.
Palabras clave : Scanning electron microscopy; ryegrass; acetolysis.