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Ciência e Agrotecnologia

Print version ISSN 1413-7054

Abstract

PROTASIO, Thiago de Paula et al. Thermal decomposition of torrefied and carbonized briquettes of residues from coffee grain processing. Ciênc. agrotec. [online]. 2013, vol.37, n.3, pp.221-228. ISSN 1413-7054.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1413-70542013000300004.

The use of biomass has been recognized as a potential renewable energy and an alternative substitute that contributes to the decrease of fossil fuels consumption. Therefore, this research aimed to analyze the thermal behavior of briquettes made of residues from coffee grain processing in different conditions: in natura, torrefied and carbonized. Eucalyptus sawdust was used for comparison. The briquettes were carbonized considering final temperature of 450° C (kept for 30 min). The briquettes torrefaction was performed in an electric oven (muffle) using two heating rates until 250° C (kept 60 min). The thermal-gravimetric analysis was made in nitrogen atmosphere until the temperature of 600° C. The contents of fixed carbon and volatile matter of the fuels were determined. The carbonized briquette of residues from coffee grain processing presented higher stability and low thermal decomposition. It was observed a low influence of torrefaction heating rate under thermal properties of briquettes, and fixed carbon and volatile matter content. Regarding the raw biomass, lower total mass loss was observed for the residues from coffee grain processing when compared to Eucalyptus sawdust. The carbonized and torrefied briquettes presented higher hydrophobicity than raw briquettes.

Keywords : Solid biofuels; residual biomass; coffee plantations; stability.

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