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Ciência e Agrotecnologia

versão impressa ISSN 1413-7054

Resumo

DIAS, Adriana Cristina et al. Soil cover plants on water erosion control in the South of Minas Gerais. Ciênc. agrotec. [online]. 2013, vol.37, n.5, pp.410-418. ISSN 1413-7054.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1413-70542013000500004.

Water erosion is responsible for soil, water, carbon and nutrient losses, turning into the most important type of degradation of Brazilian soils. This study aimed to evaluate the influence of three cover plants under two tillage systems on water erosion control in an Argisol at south of Minas Gerais state, Brazil. The cover plants utilized in the study were pigeon pea, jack bean and millet, under contour seeding and downslope tillage. Experimental plots of 4 x 12 m, with 9% slope, under natural rainfall were used for the quantification of losses of soil, water, nutrients, and organic matter. One experimental plot was kept without plant cover (reference). Higher erosivity was observed in December and January, although a great quantity of erosive rainfall was detected during the whole raining period. Contour seeding provided a greater reduction of water erosion than downslope tillage, as expected. The jack bean under contour seeding revealed the lowest values of soil, water, nutrients and organic matter losses.

Palavras-chave : Soil conservation; tillage systems; vegetal cover; erosivity.

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