Psicologia em Estudo
Print version ISSN 1413-7372
On-line version ISSN 1807-0329
AREIAS, Maria Elenice Quelho and GUIMARAES, Liliana Andolpho Magalhães. Gender and stress in workers of a public university of São Paulo state. Psicol. estud. [online]. 2004, vol.9, n.2, pp.255-262. ISSN 1413-7372. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-73722004000200011.
The aim of this paper was to identify, according to gender, the indexes of Mental Health and the Psychosocial Risk Factors in workers at a state University. A sample of 400 was randomly selected, 253 female and 147 male. They were assessed by means of The Questionnaire SWS Survey (Self, Work and Social) (Ostermann & Gutiérrez, 1992), validated in Brazil by Guimarães and Macfadden (1999). Univariate, bivariate, multivariate statistics were assessed. Significant associations emerged from Mental Health and Gender, and Psychosocial Risk Factors and Gender. Women showed greater Psychosocial Risk Factors, Work and Social Stress, worst mental health than men (p < 0.05), which place them at greater risk for developing physical and/or mental illness.
Keywords : gender; stress; work.