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Psicologia em Estudo
Print version ISSN 1413-7372
GUIMARAES, Sandra Regina Kirchner. The role of verbal-context clues in the word-recognition process. Psicol. estud. [online]. 2004, vol.9, n.2, pp. 279-289. ISSN 1413-7372. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-73722004000200014.
The reading process is studied mainly with basis on two theoretical models: the bottom-up model - based on the conception that considers the reading performance as being dependent on a decoding process, and the top-down model - based on the conception that the reading ability relies mainly on the use of syntactic-semantic information present in the text. This study was targeted at determining the importance of using information provided by the verbal context in recognizing words. Pursuant to the results attained, the subjects with reading problems found support in verbal context to compensate their difficulties, being able to read correctly about 75.24% of the words presented.
Keywords : beginning readers; word recognition; verbal context.