Psicologia em Estudo
Print version ISSN 1413-7372
On-line version ISSN 1807-0329
SOUZA, Daniela Borges Lima de and FERREIRA, Maria Cristina. Personal and collective self-esteem in mothers and non-mothers. Psicol. estud. [online]. 2005, vol.10, n.1, pp.19-25. ISSN 1413-7372. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-73722005000100004.
The study investigates the motherhood and non-motherhood conditions, and its implications to women in their construction of personal and collective self-esteem. The hypotheses to be tested were that mothers would present personal and collective self-esteem indexes significantly greater than non-mothers. The sample consisted of 310 women, between 30 and 69 years of age, distributed in two groups, mothers and non-mothers. Both groups were asked to answer the Brazilian versions of the Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale and Collective Self-Esteem Scale. Results confirmed both hypotheses. It was concluded that traditional conceptions and representations of motherhood still play an important role in the construction of feminine identity.
Keywords : Personal self-esteem; collective self-esteem; motherhood.