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Acta Ortopédica Brasileira
versión On-line ISSN 1809-4406
PROSPERO, José Donato de; BAPTISTA, Pedro Pericles Ribeiro; AMARY, Maria Fernanda Carriel y SANTOS, Priscila Pizzo Crêm dos. Parathyroid glands: structure, functions and pathology. Acta ortop. bras. [online]. 2009, vol.17, n.2, pp. 53-57. ISSN 1809-4406. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-78522009000200011.
The authors present a summary on the normal anatomy and function of the parathyroid glands as well as a brief review of clinical and pathological repercussions of higher and lower parathyroid hormone production. The emphasis is given on the causes, physiopathology, anatomy, macroscopy and microscopy of the lesions and their role in the genesis of fibrocystic osteitis, also known as Von Recklinhausen disease of the bones. Radiological correlation is also given. The authors show the challenges for the diagnosis in the same cases. We also write about secondary and tertiary hyperparathyroidism, as well as hypoparathyroidism.
Palabras clave : Hyperparathyroidism primary; Adenoma; Hyperplasia; Cystic fibrous osteitis; Von Recklinghausen Disease.