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Acta Ortopédica Brasileira

versão impressa ISSN 1413-7852versão On-line ISSN 1809-4406

Resumo

COSTA, Márcio Paulino et al. Polyglycolic acid tube associated with GM1 in regeneration of peripheral nerves. Acta ortop. bras. [online]. 2009, vol.17, n.5, pp.286-290. ISSN 1413-7852.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-78522009000500007.

INTRODUCTION: Nerve allografting is regarded as a treatment of choice in large neural tissue losses preventing repair by primary anastomosis. In these cases, a synthetic polyglycolic acid tube is an alternative for nerve grafting. On the other hand, several studies have emphasized the importance of neurotrophic factors on neural regeneration, including substances with potential to optimize neural regeneration, especially the GM1, an neurotrophic enhancer factor. OBJECTIVE: to compare, in rats, the neural regeneration degree using histological analysis, regenerated myelinized axons count, and functional analysis with the use of neurotube and GM1. METHODS: This assessment was performed by interposing allograft (group A), polyglycolic acid tube (group B) and polyglycolic acid tube associated to GM1 (group C) on 5-mm sciatic nerve defects. RESULTS: Neuroma formation was found only on group A. Groups A and C showed similar histological patterns, except for the regenerated axons on group C, which were shown to be better organized and myelinized than in group A. CONCLUSION: on functional recovery, no statistically significant difference was found for the three groups, despite of qualitative and quantitative histological differences found.

Palavras-chave : Peripheral nerves [surgery]; Nerve regeneration; Polyglycolic acid [therapeutic use]; Immunosuppressive agents [therapeutic use].

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