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Acta Ortopédica Brasileira
versão impressa ISSN 1413-7852
ARRUDA, Luciano Rodrigo Peres et al. Open fractures: prospective and epidemiological study. Acta ortop. bras. [online]. 2009, vol.17, n.6, pp.326-330. ISSN 1413-7852. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-78522009000600002.
OBJECTIVE: to delineate the epidemiological profile of patients attended by an emergency unit, diagnosed with open fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is an epidemiological, prospective, descriptive, observational study of open fractures attended at the institution, selected by convenience sampling, in the period September 1, 2005 to March 31, 2007. The data were collected from patients using a questionnaire with multiple variables. RESULTS: we obtained 342 patients with 346 open fractures. The majority of the patients were male (86.84%), with an average age of 30.41 years and average hospitalization time of 6.87 days. The main professions were students (21.92%), followed by motorcycle couriers (11.40%). The accidents occurred on public roads (57.30%), affecting mainly the leg bones (37.86%) and classified as level III (45.36%). Associated injuries occurred in 27.19%, with 11.11% complications. There was evidence of alcohol consumption (12.86%) and drug use (1.46%) in the six hours prior to the trauma. CONCLUSION: The patients were mainly young, male, with incomplete school education. The main cause of the traumas was road accidents, occurring at night (between 7 pm and midnight), with leg bone injuries classified as level III. The associated injuries and early complications were predominantly related to injuries of greater severity.
Palavras-chave : Open Fractures; Epidemiology; Prospective study.