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Acta Ortopédica Brasileira
Print version ISSN 1413-7852
ANDRAUS, Rodrigo Antônio Carvalho; BARBIERI, Cláudio Henrique and MAZZER, Nilton. Local low power laser irradiation accelerates the regeneration of the fibular nerve in rats. Acta ortop. bras. [online]. 2010, vol.18, n.3, pp. 152-157. ISSN 1413-7852. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-78522010000300007.
OBJECTIVE: To study the influence of low power GaAs-Al laser irradiation on the regeneration of a peripheral nerve, following a controlled crush injury. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The right common fibular nerve of 30 Wistar rats was submitted to a crush injury with an adjustable load forceps (5 000 g, 10 minutes of application). The animals were divided into three groups (n=10), according to the postoperative procedure (no irradiation; sham irradiation; effective irradiation). Laser irradiation (830 nm wave-length; 100 mW emission power; continuous mode; 140 J/cm2) was started on the first postoperative day and continued over 21 consecutive days. Body mass, time spent on the walking track and functional peroneal index (FPI) were analyzed based the hind footprints, both preoperatively and on the 21st postoperative day. RESULTS: Walking time and PFI significantly improved in the group that received effective laser irradiation, despite the significant gain in body mass between the pre- and post-operative periods. CONCLUSION: Low Power GaAs-Al laser irradiation, with the parameters used in our study, accelerated and improved fibular nerve regeneration in rats.
Keywords : Nerve regeneration; Rats; Crush syndrome; Peroneal nerve.