Acta Ortopédica Brasileira
versión impresa ISSN 1413-7852
MORAES, Geraldo Fabiano de Souza y ANTUNES, Adriana Papini. Musculoskeletal disorders in professional violinists and violists: systematic review. Acta ortop. bras. [online]. 2012, vol.20, n.1, pp. 43-47. ISSN 1413-7852. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-78522012000100009.
Due to the high physical and psychological demands of their work, musicians have a high risk of developing a range of health problems. The main causes of musculoskeletal disorders seen in instrumentalists are overuse, nerve compression and focal dystonia. The aim of this paper is to identify the musculoskeletal disorders that most frequently affect professional violinists and violists. 50 articles were read, of which 24 were used. The PEDro scale was used to determine the quality of the articles. The definition of risk factors can help in the development of prevention programs. Playing a musical instrument involves a combination of actions, including rapid, repetitive and complicated movements of the hands and fingers. The chairs used offer no other option than to adapt to the demands of body posture. To achieve the necessary skills to become a musician of a high standard, many hours of training and perfection are required. The neck, shoulder and temporomandibular joints are the most commonly affected areas, due to prolonged flexion of the head and shoulder required to hold the violin. The elbow and fingers are also common sites of disorders. It is necessary to warn musicians of the initial symptoms, and how they can prevent the disorder from worsening. Level I Evidence (Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine, Oxford, UK).
Palabras llave : Muscle, skeletal [injuries]; Occupational diseases; Risk factors.