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Acta Ortopédica Brasileira
versão impressa ISSN 1413-7852
PIRES, Robinson Esteves Santos et al. Radiographic anatomy of the proximal femur: correlation with the occurrence of fractures. Acta ortop. bras. [online]. 2012, vol.20, n.2, pp. 79-83. ISSN 1413-7852. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-78522012000200004.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the correlation between radiographic parameters of the proximal femur anatomy and fractures. METHODS: Three hundred and five digital x-rays of the pelvis were analyzed in the anteroposterior view. Of these x-rays, twenty-seven showed femoral neck or transtrochanteric fractures. The anatomical parameters analyzed were: femoral neck width (FNW), femoral neck length (FNL), femoral axis length (FAL), cervicodiaphyseal angle (CDA), acetabular tear-drop distance (ATD) and great trochanter-pubic symphysis distance (GTPSD). The analysis was performed by comparing the results of the x-rays with and without proximal femoral fracture, to establish a correlation between them. RESULTS: No differences were found between the anatomical parameters of the groups with and without proximal femoral fracture. CONCLUSION: There was no association between anatomical changes in the proximal femur and greater susceptibility to fractures. Level of evidence IV, Cross-sectional Study.
Palavras-chave : Femur; Femoral fractures; Femur neck; Radiography.