Print version ISSN 1413-8050
GADELHA, Sérgio Ricardo de Brito and DIVINO, José Angelo. Dominância fiscal ou dominância monetária no Brasil? Uma análise de causalidade. Econ. Apl. [online]. 2008, vol.12, n.4, pp. 659-675. ISSN 1413-8050. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-80502008000400006.
The aim of this study is to verify whether there is fiscal or monetary dominance in the Brazilian economy in the period of the post-Real plan. We investigate the long run equilibrium relationship and bivariate and multivariate Granger causality among the variables nominal interest rate, debt to GDP ratio, primary surplus to GDP ratio, real exchange rate and risk premium. The results have shown Brazil as a country under monetary dominance regime, according to Sargent and Wallace (1981) definition. In addition, the model proposed by Blanchard (2004) does not find empirical support in the Brazilian economy.
Keywords : fiscal dominance; monetary dominance; Engle-Granger Causality.