Print version ISSN 1413-8050
BECKER, Kalinca Léia and KASSOUF, Ana Lúcia. Diferença salarial e aposentadoria dos professores do ensino fundamental. Econ. Apl. [online]. 2012, vol.16, n.1, pp. 77-104. ISSN 1413-8050. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-80502012000100004.
This study examines the differences in teachers' earnings for men and women, from public and private school, also considering the benefits of retirement. For this purpose, it's used the calculation of present value of the contract (VPCT) and the income decomposition of Oaxaca method. The remuneration of teachers in public schools is on average higher than the private schools. The wages of male teachers in public schools is 6% higher than the wages of women and 37% in private schools. However, when the benefits of retirement are considered, the gap reduces to 6% in private schools and in public schools is 21% higher for women. Most of the difference in pay between men and women is due to unexplained issues, among which discrimination. Although the average educational level is the same, the men teachers of private schools have higher wage return for each additional year of study.
Keywords : Wage; retirement; elementary school teachers.