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Economia Aplicada

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ANDRADE, Mônica Viegas et al. Desigualdade socioeconômica no acesso aos serviços de saúde no Brasil: um estudo comparativo entre as regiões brasileiras em 1998 e 2008. Econ. Apl. [online]. 2013, vol.17, n.4, pp.623-645. ISSN 1413-8050.

This paper measures inequalities in healthcare access in Brazil and each region in 1998 and 2008. The analysis controls for predisposing, enabling and need factors. The results show an increase of utilization rates and reduction of inequalities in primary care, especially among uninsured individuals, which suggest an improvement in the public health sector. The exception is the utilization of dentistry visits that still presents high social inequality and higher utilization rates among insured individuals. Regarding the variable "difficulty of access" results showed pro-rich inequality. After controlling for health insurance coverage, this inequality decreases in a great amount.

Keywords : Equity; Helth Equity; Sistema Único de Saúde; Health Services.

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