Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
On-line version ISSN 1678-4561
HUSS, Anke et al. Source of funding and results of studies of health effects of mobile phone use: systematic review of experimental studies. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2008, vol.13, n.3, pp. 1005-1012. ISSN 1678-4561. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232008000300022.
There is concern regarding the possible health effects of cellular telephone use. We conducted a systematic review of studies of controlled exposure to radiofrequency radiation with health-related outcomes (electroencephalogram, cognitive or cardiovascular function, hormone levels, symptoms, and subjective well-being). We searched Embase, Medline, and a specialist database in February 2005 and scrutinized reference lists from relevant publications. Data on the source of funding, study design, methodologic quality, and other study characteristics were extracted. The primary outcome was the reporting of at least one statistically significant association between the exposure and a health-related outcome. Data were analyzed using logistic regression models. Of 59 studies, 12 (20%) were funded exclusively by the telecommunications industry, 11 (19%) were funded by public agencies or charities, 14 (24%) had mixed funding (including industry), and in 22 (37%) the source of funding was not reported. Studies funded exclusively by industry reported the largest number of outcomes, but were least likely to report a statistically significant result. The interpretation of results from studies of health effects of radiofrequency radiation should take sponsorship into account.
Keywords : Electromagnetic fields; Financial conflicts of interest; Human laboratory studies; Mobile phones.