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Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
On-line version ISSN 1678-4561
GURGEL, Aline do Monte et al. Risks scenarios frameworks in the context of an oil refinery installation at Pernambuco State. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2009, vol.14, n.6, pp. 2027-2038. ISSN 1678-4561. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232009000600010.
The magnitude of the environmental and social problems due to urbanization, industrialization and exhaustion of natural resources has shown an increase in the impact on health and environment. Paradoxically, the consumption patterns demand for the expansion in the industrial production based on the exploitation of the non-renewable resources, which technological risks, especially from the petrochemical industry, have put difficulties on the risk control and health surveillance. The petroleum refining is an activity potentially damageable to the environment and human health, particularly to workers. The main objective of this study was to characterize the scenarios of risk to environmental health due to an oil refinery installation in the Metropolitan Region of Recife (Pernambuco). Based on secondary data and literature review, a Social Reproduction Matrix was made contextualizing the problems in the biological, consciousness and conduct, economic, policy and ecological dimensions, enabling to presume the risks to support the health surveillance development and organization in the state, with intersectoriality, social participation, and able to intervene on risks and prevent diseases among the workers and people in the territory.
Keywords : Oil refinery; Environmental risks; Health risks; Environmental health; Social reproduction matrix.