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Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
On-line version ISSN 1678-4561
MILANEZ, Bruno; FERNANDES, Lúcia de Oliveira and PORTO, Marcelo Firpo de Souza. Co-incineration in cement kilns: health and environmental risks. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2009, vol.14, n.6, pp. 2143-2152. ISSN 1678-4561. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232009000600021.
In this article we discuss the development of hazardous waste co-incineration in cement kilns in Brazil as well as its impacts on health and the environment. Information was gathered through an extensive review on social and environmental impacts of co-incineration, and case studies, chosen after discussion with social movement representatives concerned with the co-incineration issue and related to the Brazilian Network on Environmental Justice, are described to illustrate the reality of co-incineration in Brazil. Studies showed that workers and community health suffers negative impacts from such practices in high-, middle- and low-income countries. In the Brazilian context, the institutional and social vulnerability intensifies these problems. To conclude, we argue for the necessity of increasing the institutional capacity of health and environmental agencies in Brazil, through staff training and better infra-structure. Additionally, we also propose a return of the debate about political and ethical aspects of industrial waste trade.
Keywords : Environmental risks; Co-incineration; Hazardous waste; Cement production.