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Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
On-line version ISSN 1678-4561
SILVA, Lindalva Marques da; SOUZA, Edna Hollunder de; ARREBOLA, Tânia Maria and JESUS, Gabriel dos Anjos de. Occurrence of a hepatitis A outbreak in three neighborhoods of the city of Vitória, Espírito Santo State, and its relation with the quality of the water for human consumption. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2009, vol.14, n.6, pp. 2163-2167. ISSN 1678-4561. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232009000600023.
This work had as purpose to analyze the possible factors related with the occurrences of Hepatitis in the neighborhoods of Grande Vitória, Estrelinha and Inhanguetá located in the city of Vitória, State of the Espírito Santo, from April the June, 2006, and the quality of the water consumed by the population. The indicators for the water quality used were the Free Residual Chlorine concentrations (FRC) and the presence of thermotolerant coliforms. The microbiological analyses performed in the water consumed for the studied communities did not presented results indicating contamination by thermotolerants coliforms and the percentage of FRC determined between January and June were always above of the minimum limit demanded by the legislation (Act 518/2004). The results showed that the occurrence of a Hepatitis A outbreak can be related with the absence of physical barriers that impede the contact of people with the contaminated water and the practical deficiencies in the hygienic practices adopted, individually, by the local population.
Keywords : Termotolerants coliforms; Free residual chlorine; Hepatitis A.