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Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
On-line version ISSN 1678-4561
GORDIA, Alex Pinheiro; QUADROS, Teresa Maria Bianchini de and CAMPOS, Wagner de. Sociodemographic variables as determinant of the environment domain of quality of life of adolescents. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2009, vol.14, n.6, pp. 2261-2268. ISSN 1678-4561. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232009000600035.
This study aimed to identify the relationship between sociodemographic variables and environment domain of Quality of Life (QOL) of adolescents. The sample was composed by 608 adolescents aged 14 to 20 years, from the municipality of Lapa, Paraná State, South of Brazil. The WHOQOL-Bref and ABEP questionnaires were used, respectively, to assess the QOL and socioeconomic condition. Data analysis used descriptive statistics and chi-square tests, exact Fisher and logistic regression binary, considering p<0.05. The average value of QOL overall and environment domain of adolescents was 67.3% and 55.6%, respectively. Girls were 1.9 times more likely to present poor environment domain than boys, and less wealthy individuals (B and C+D+E classes) showed, respectively, 5.7 and 7.4 times more risk to have poor environment domain when compared with adolescents of A class socioeconomic. It can be inferred that the environment domain presented themselves as vulnerable point of the QOL of adolescents investigated. The main groups in risk to the have poor environment domain of the QOL were composed by female adolescents, belonging to less advantaged socioeconomic classes.
Keywords : Environment; WHOQOL-Bref; Adolescents; Public policy; Socioeconomic condition; Sociodemographic variables.