Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Print version ISSN 1413-8123
MINAYO, Maria Cecília de Souza; GRUBITS, Sonia and CAVALCANTE, Fátima Gonçalves. Watching, listening and sharing: field work for psychosocial autopsies. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2012, vol.17, n.8, pp. 2027-2038. ISSN 1413-8123. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232012000800014.
The article describes the research realization phases of field work in ten municipalities in five regions entitled "Is it possible to prevent the anticipation of the end? Suicide among the elderly in Brazil and the possibilities for action by the Health Sector." The sample comprises 51 psychosocial autopsies of 5 elderly people who committed suicide in 9 locations and 6 in another. 84 family members were interviewed. Semi-structured psychosocial autopsies and contextual observations were used. Each interview lasted 60 minutes on average and in the majority of the cases there was more than one encounter with family members. The study consisted of a collective process that involved bibliographic review, discussion of the samples, approach strategies, field results and empirical analysis. This article highlights the theoretical, conceptual and practical preparation of researchers and production and standardization of instruments; information about existing data sources and those that are actually used; introduction of institutional credentials; assessment of the family context, difficulties and strategies for empirical study; entrance to and exit from the field; and the impact of the research on the investigators.
Keywords : Psychological autopsy; Psychosocial autopsy; Suicide; The elderly.