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Ciência & Saúde Coletiva

versão impressa ISSN 1413-8123

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SANTOS, Aliny de Lima et al. Microvascular complications in type 2 diabetes and associated factors: a telephone survey of self-reported morbidity. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2015, vol.20, n.3, pp.761-770. ISSN 1413-8123.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1413-81232015203.12182014.

The scope of this article is to estimate the prevalence of microvascular complications of self-reported type 2 diabetes and the association with sociodemographic characteristics, nutritional status, treatment given and time since diagnosis. It involved a cross-sectional study with 318 people with type 2 diabetes living in Maringá in the State of Paraná. A telephone survey of self-reported morbidity was conducted in the months from January to June 2012. For the analysis descriptive statistics, univariate and multiple logistic regression were used. The prevalence of self-reported complications of diabetes was 53.8%, the most frequent being retinopathy (42.8%), followed by peripheral neuropathy (14.5%) and nephropathy (12.9%). The variables associated with the presence of complications were age (p = 0.008), overweight/obesity (p = 0.002), insulin (p < 0.001), insulin use linked to oral antidiabetic drug (p = 0.003) and time since diagnosis (p = 0.013). The prevalence of self-reported microvascular complications for people with diabetes was high, being more frequent among those of more advanced age, with inadequate nutritional status, a delay in diagnosis of the disease and those who were using insulin alone or in combination with oral antidiabetic agents.

Palavras-chave : Diabetes mellitus; Complications of diabetes; Cross-sectional studies; Prevalence.

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