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Ciência & Saúde Coletiva

versão impressa ISSN 1413-8123

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SILVA, Marco Antonio Vieira da et al. Impact of the activation of intention to perform physical activity in type II diabetics: a randomized clinical trial. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2015, vol.20, n.3, pp.875-886. ISSN 1413-8123.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1413-81232015203.06452014.

Type II diabetes mellitus is a highly prevalent disease among the adult Brazilian population, and one that can be controlled by interventions such as physical activity, among others. The aim of this randomized controlled study was to evaluate the impact of a traditional motivational strategy, associated with the activation of intention theory, on adherence to physical activity in patients with type II, diabetes mellitus who are part of the Unified Health System (SUS). Participants were divided into a control group (CG) and an intervention group (IG). In both groups, the traditional motivational strategy was applied, but the activation of intention strategy was only applied to the IG Group. After a two-month follow-up, statistically significant differences were verified between the groups, related to the practice of walking (p = 0.0050), number of days per week (p = 0.0076), minutes per day (p = 0.0050) and minutes walking per week (p = 0.0015). At the end of the intervention, statistically significant differences in abdominal circumference (p = 0.0048) between the groups were observed. The conclusion drawn is that the activation of intention strategy had greater impact on adherence to physical activity and reduction in abdominal circumference in type II diabetics, than traditional motivational strategy.

Palavras-chave : Diabetes mellitus; Health education.

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