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Ciência & Saúde Coletiva

Print version ISSN 1413-8123On-line version ISSN 1678-4561

Abstract

MEIRELES, Juliana Fernandes Filgueiras; NEVES, Clara Mockdece; CARVALHO, Pedro Henrique Berbert de  and  FERREIRA, Maria Elisa Caputo. Body dissatisfaction among pregnant women: an integrative review of the literature. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2015, vol.20, n.7, pp.2091-2103. ISSN 1413-8123.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1413-81232015207.05502014.

The body image of pregnant women is an issue that should be further investigated by professionals in the area, especially in view of the fact that maternal and infant health has gained such prominence. The scope of this integrative review is to analyze the literature relating to body image and body dissatisfaction among pregnant women. Research was based on articles extracted from the Scopus, PubMed, BVS and PsycINFO databases, by cross-referencing “pregnancy” with the keywords “body image” and “body dissatisfaction.” Once the inclusion and exclusion criteria had been adopted, forty studies were analyzed. These produced inconclusive data about body dissatisfaction during pregnancy. Symptoms of depression, low self-esteem, an inadequate approach towards healthy eating and weight gain above recommended limits have been associated with a negative body image. The contradictory findings could be related to the different instruments used to measure body image. In view of the possible impact that a negative body image can have on maternal and infant health during pregnancy, it is recommended that further investigations are made, in particular related to the development of a specific tool to evaluate the body image of pregnant women.

Keywords : Body image; Pregnancy; Adult; Health; Review.

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